TYPES OF AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA
1. SUBSISTENCE FARMING
This type of agriculture in Nigeria farming entails the production of food and animal for immediate or family consumption. This type of agriculture does not require much capital either does it require much or a large area of land for cultivation. It is mostly practicing in most of the houses you can see in Nigeria, it involves the planting of vegetables at the back of the owners’ compound, making use of the little space or available plots for land for production of yam, cassava, pepper, and tomatoes. This is just to serve the needs of the immediate family.
This is common due to the fact that nearly everyone in the country cares about buying farm produces which can be easily grown and use at the back of the house. It can also be seen in the most home having poultry for chicken for family consumption and the eggs got from the poultry are either sold or used for family use.
2. COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIALIZED FARMING
This is the second type of agriculture in Nigeria, farming that involves production and cultivation of crops and animal on a large scale of land for the commercial purpose, in other words for the benefit or consumption for the public in exchange of money. This type of agriculture is usually capital intensive, it involves the use of pieces of machinery like a tractor, plow, tiller and many other agricultural machines as to embark on massive production of food for the society.
Something spectacular about this type of farming is because most times it is government assisted farming by some are self-sponsored and established. It also involves rearing of livestock, birds, cows and other animals for meat which is for public consumption. In this type of farming also, that is where most tides and skins are gotten to produces the product that makes use of this item as their raw materials like shoe bag etc.
BRANCHES OF AGRICULTURE
This is the type of agriculture that dealt with the cultivations of ornamental crops, fruits, and vegetables.
This is a branch of agriculture that dealt with the study of the soil and management of the soils for growing crops.
3. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS:
This entails the business of agriculture and how to produce in the farming business.
Agricultural Engineering: this is all in all about the technical know-how of all the farm equipment and sophisticated machines use in the farm.